Cologne List® for athletes

The National Anti-Doping Agency Germany (NADA) cooperates with Cologne List® in their shared commitment to prevent doping. It is NADA's goal to achieve the highest possible level of safety for testing pool athletes with regard to the use of nutritional supplements. In order to reach this goal, NADA encouraged us to broaden the Cologne List® service offerings by launching an advanced service for testing pool athletes. This service for testing pool athletes currently encompasses the following measures:

1. Provision of a product availability service for tested products
2. Introduction of a label check as a strict requirement for the listing of a product on Cologne List®
3. Awareness raising on the assessment of an athlete's individual need for nutritional supplements by consulting a sports nutritionist of the Olympic Training Center
4. Publishing of product safety certificates

Cologne List® is an initiative from the field of sport, listing nutritional supplements that present a minimized risk of contamination from banned substances.

Since 2006, Cologne List® has been offering companies the option of publishing analyses for anabolic steroids and stimulants conducted by an independent scientific laboratory, which is one of the world's leading labs in the field of analytical testing for banned substances in nutritional supplements.

Cologne List® is an anti-doping initiative, primarily designed to prevent doping in top-level sport by offering elite athletes, who are subject to the anti-doping control system and its rules (testing pool athletes), help in minimizing the risk of committing an anti-doping rule violation when using nutritional supplements.

However, Cologne List® is also rewarding for recreational and competitive athletes even if an anti-doping rule violation does not result in sanctions for them. Ask yourself: do you want to ingest substances that are prohibited by the Medicines Act and may be harmful to your health?

Generally, all kinds of (nutritional) products that may lead to an inadvertent consumption of prohibited substances by an athlete can be published on Cologne List®. Most of the products listed on Cologne List® are nutritional supplements as they have been the object of several studies. However, also other sport-related products, such as sports drinks, granola bars, bread mixes and many more can be found on Cologne List®.

Pharmaceuticals are not included in Cologne List®. Depending on the active ingredient and excipients, many pharmaceuticals may lead to a positive doping test result. We strongly recommend that athletes and their support staff check the prohibited or permitted status of specific medications online with NADAmed before taking it.

The intention behind the NADAmed medication database is to provide athletes and their support staff with fast, easily accessible information on the prohibited or permitted status of specific medications. The database contains a selection of frequently prescribed pharmaceuticals, or those which are frequently inquired about. All pharmaceuticals and homeopathic products included in the NADAmed database are approved and/or registered in Germany. The database does not include pharmaceuticals from other countries.

The database contains medications that National Anti-Doping Agency Germany (NADA) has been inquired about and which are frequently prescribed. It currently comprises just under 3,500 pharmaceuticals and active ingredients and is continually being expanded. The pharmaceuticals included in the NADAmed database are chosen on a subjective basis. The list is primarily designed to cover preparations that are in frequent use among athletes.

A laboratory analysis for anabolic steroids and stimulants as well as a label check of the product's original packaging conducted by the Center for Preventive Doping Research (CePreDo) at the German Sport University Cologne is absolutely mandatory for a product listing on Cologne List®. Furthermore, the company has to file a self-disclosure including information on the product and company as well as questions that enable us to assess a product's risk of being contaminated with banned substances.

During the label check pharmacists from the Center for Preventive Doping Research (CePreDo) at the German Sport University Cologne analyze the original packaging of the product for prohibited substances (and - first and foremost - for those substances' synonyms) as well as for terms or descriptions that - expressly or analogously - suggest a product's guaranteed safety for drug-tested athletes.

The listing of a product on Cologne List® does not mean that the product is strictly free from banned substances. It simply means that the risk of contamination with substances, such as prohormones, anabolic steroids or stimulants is significantly reduced. It is the athlete's sole responsibility to evaluate any potential risk of an anti-doping rule violation.

In general, products that are regularly tested for prohibited substances by a recognized anti-doping program such as Cologne List® present a significantly reduced risk of containing prohibited substances.

You can search the product database for "product name" and "company name". Alternatively, the entire product database will be displayed if you select the "show all products" option. First, however, you have to accept the Terms of Use for the Cologne List® database by clicking on the checkbox in the popup window.

The corresponding search results will be sorted alphabetically by the name of the "product" displaying the following information: company name, product name, product category, availability of tested products. The results can be sorted alphabetically by company name, product name and product category.

If you click on a specific product name, a more detailed product page will be displayed. Here you will find all relevant information on the company that produces or sells the product as well as on the product itself, including particular information that enables you to assess the safety of the product in question (e.g. analysis results and answers to questions about the safety of a product resulting from a company's self-disclosure).

You should check the self-disclosure of the respective company first. Here you will find answers to questions about the safety of the specific product. This information enables you to assess a product's risk of being contaminated with banned substances.

The number of product analyses conducted, which appears in the product details section, provides an additional aid for safety assessment as regular testing improves product safety.

Companies have the option of displaying the quality management during the manufacturing process of the product by publishing certificates on food safety management systems and production standards. Every certificate that is displayed within a product entry indicates a higher level of product safety.

As a matter of principle, the providers of Cologne List® can only provide information on products that are listed on Cologne List®. For information on other products, athletes or their support staff have to contact the company in question. This is possible via the product page or the website of the company.

No, the Center for Preventive Doping Research (CePreDo) does not accept analysis requests from individuals, clubs or associations.

Cologne List® for testing pool athletes

Products that are available through the product availability service are marked in the corresponding section of the Cologne List® product database. By clicking on the product name, you will be directed to the detailed product entry, where an external link will lead you to the offer of the tested product.

A company's promise that this product belongs to a tested batch solely applies to the product you have clicked on.

We generally recommend to search for products in the Cologne List® database instead of conducting your search via an externally linked Online-Shop.

We strongly advise you to check that the batch number of the product received matches that listed on Cologne List®. If the numbers do not match, please contact Cologne List®.

Cologne List®
c/o HEIMSPIELE
Contact: Dirk Anton or Nicola Smets
Tel.: +49 (0)221/995959-10
E-Mail: info@koelnerliste.com

The product in question must be listed on Cologne List®, which means that it must have successfully completed the entire registration process. Furthermore, tested products must be continuously available via the source of supply specified in the Cologne List® database.

During the label check pharmacists from the Center for Preventive Doping Research at the German Sport University Cologne (CePreDo) analyze the original packaging of the product for prohibited substances and those substances' synonyms or phantasy names that are not included in the WADA Prohibited List.

Furthermore, product names, slogans and descriptions on the packaging as well as verbalizations that - expressly or analogously - suggest a product's guaranteed safety for drug-tested athletes are scrutinized.

If there are any complaints and the product does not successfully pass the label check, it will be rejected and not be published on Cologne List®.

A carefully assessed use of nutritional supplements guided and monitored by a nutrition expert reduces a testing pool athlete's risk of committing an inadvertent anti-doping rule violation. In Germany nutritionists at the Olympic Training Centers are always on hand to provide elite athletes with specialist advice. The following three questions on the use of nutritional supplements can help top-class athletes to minimize their personal risk and assess whether a consultation with a nutritionist is advisable.

1st question: Is there any specific evidence that you are suffering from nutrient deficiencies (e.g. blood test results)?

2nd question: Do you know your nutritional status (e.g. nutritional status assessment)?

3rd question: Have you been sufficiently informed about when (in which phase) to take the nutritional supplement and in which quantity?

If you are uncertain about at least one of these questions, please don’t hesitate to contact one of the Olympic Training Center nutritionists assigned to you (german athletes only).

Companies can undergo different certification processes for food safety management systems and production standards. Certification processes are conducted by independent, accredited authorities that issue internationally recognized and accepted certificates. These certificates provide additional help and information with regard to quality management and product safety.

Companies have the possibility of publishing the following certificates on Cologne List®:

> FSSC 22000 (Food Safety System Certification 22000)
> IFS Food (International Food Standard)
> BRC Global Standard
> ISO 22000
> ISO 9001
> HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points)
> GMP Good Manufacturing Practice

Up to now, Cologne List® has offered elite athletes information on which specific batches of a product have been tested for doping substances. However, it is not easy to find those specific batches in stores, pharmacies or on the internet. The new product availability service enables athletes to order batch-specific products directly from the participating manufacturers in order to further minimize their risk. This is a giant leap towards safety. Yet, athletes must keep in mind that there is no such thing as a 100 percent safety guarantee. No certification program can guarantee that a product is 100 percent free of banned substances.

Cologne List® for nutritional supplement companies

Cologne List® offers companies the possibility of providing their target groups, such as athletes, coaching stuff and sport medicine specialists with information on their products in order to considerably reduce any potential uncertainty regarding the risk of committing an anti-doping rule violation or being exposed to health hazards. This voluntary commitment substantially increases transparency in the heterogeneous market of nutritional supplements.

In order to publish a product on Cologne List®, the company submits an inquiry to Cologne List®.

The company will then receive an e-mail containing important information on the product listing procedure as well as a link to the product registration page where the company can enter all the relevant information about the company itself and the product in question.

Following an intern examination of the data, the HEIMSPIELE Agency, as administrative partner of Cologne List®, will file the self-disclosure form and set up an agreement for the publication of the product on Cologne List® and submit both to the company for signing.

Contemporaneously, the company submits a unit of consumption of the product in its original packaging to the Center for Preventive Doping Research (CePreDo) at the German Sport University Cologne for a label check and laboratory analysis. Once the company has received the analysis report, it submits this report to the HEIMSPIELE Agency for publication on Cologne List®.

Information on label check
Information on laboratory testing
Analysis request form

All nutritional supplements listed on Cologne List® have to undergo analysis for anabolic-androgenic steroids (prohormones) and stimulants conducted by the Center of Preventive Doping Research (CePreDo) at the German Sport University Cologne, which is one of the world's leading labs in the field of analytical testing for banned substances in nutritional supplements.

For the label check and the subsequent laboratory analysis, the Center for Preventive Doping Research (CePreDo) at the German Sport University Cologne requires a unit of consumption of the product in its original packaging. If this contains less than 30 grams, please submit additional units with the same batch number. Products consisting of several subsamples require separate treatment and will be billed separately by the laboratory. In addition to that, the laboratory requires a written analysis request including the complete official information and data of the company.

Information on label check
Information on laboratory testing

Analysis request form

In order to guarantee the comparability of analysis results with regard to a scientific institution's analysis techniques and quality standards, an analysis for anabolic-androgenic steroids (prohormones) and stimulants conducted by the Center of Preventive Doping Research (CePreDo) at the German Sport University Cologne is absolutely mandatory for a product listing on Cologne List®. Companies also have the possibility of having their products tested by another appropriate laboratory for company internal purposes.

Laboratory analysis generally takes about ten to fifteen working days. In case of analytical problems, samples may possibly have to be reanalyzed and delays may arise in some cases. Unfortunately, we cannot offer expeditious analysis.

Once the analysis is completed, the Center for Preventive Doping Research (CePreDo) will send the analysis report including all results via mail to the company that requested the analysis. To have the analysis published on Cologne List®, the company submits the original analysis report to Cologne List® by mail, fax or as a PDF attachment to an e-mail.

Previous studies on contaminated and faked nutritional supplements have shown that most of the supplements were contaminated with anabolic-androgenic steroids and stimulants.

The following requirements are mandatory for a product listing on Cologne List®: a signed self-disclosure of the company for each individual product, a laboratory analysis for anabolic steroids and stimulants conducted by the Center for Preventive Doping Research (CePreDo) at the German Sport University Cologne, including a label check of the original product packaging as well as a product listing agreement with HEIMSPIELE, as administrative partner of Cologne List®, for the publication of the product on Cologne List®.

For more detailed information, please visit the "For Companies" section in the main menu.

Cologne List®: General information

Cologne List® is an initiative from the field of sport, listing nutritional supplements that present a minimized risk of contamination from banned substances.

Since 2006, Cologne List® has been offering companies the option of publishing analyses for anabolic steroids and stimulants conducted by an independent scientific laboratory, which is one of the world's leading labs in the field of analytical testing for banned substances in nutritional supplements.

Listing more than 950 products (status: May 2017), Cologne List® is the world's biggest information platform on nutritional supplements safety.

Cologne List® is an integral part of the prevention program TOGETHER AGAINST DOPING run by the National Anti-Doping Agency Germany (NADA) and cooperates closely with the Athletes' Commission of the German Olympic Sports Confederation (Deutscher Olympischer Sportbund, DOSB). This makes Cologne List® an indispensable partner in elite and competitive sport. Recreational athletes now also increasingly seek advice from Cologne List®.

The use of nutritional supplements puts you at risk of inadvertently consuming banned substances that might harm your health and result in positive anti-doping tests. Prohibited substances may find their way into the products because of insufficient or inadequate cleaning of machines that are involved in the manufacturing and/or packaging process or through contaminated raw materials (product contamination), or prohibited substances may intentionally be mixed with the supplement by criminal manufacturers in order to increase a product's effectiveness (adulteration).

Cologne List® was created because of the alarming results of an international IOC sponsored study conducted by the Institute of Biochemistry of the German Sport University Cologne in 2004 that startled both the sporting community as well as the nutritional supplement industry. The study found that about 15 percent of nutritional supplements acquired in 13 different countries contained anabolic agents that were not declared on the label. The anabolic substances found in 2004 were probably contaminations that did not have any real performance-enhancing effects but could have inadvertently resulted in positive anti-doping tests. As a result, individual companies contacted the Center for Preventive Doping Research (CePreDo) at the German Sport University Cologne and had their products tested for anabolic steroids and stimulants. The purpose was mainly to review standard internal production procedures and assess raw material suppliers.

The decision was quickly taken to make analysis results accessible to both manufacturers and athletes in order to reduce any uncertainty. Thus, a reliable orientation platform with an independent quality seal for responsible manufacturers and athletes was born: Cologne List®.

Nutritional supplements: General information

Nutritional supplements are foods, whose purpose is to supplement general nutrition. They consist of simple or multiple concentrates of nutrients or other substances that are usually consumed with food. They are generally available in various ready-to-use 'dosage' forms, such as pills, capsules or powders.

Nutritional supplements include vitamins (e.g. vitamins A, B6, C and so on) and minerals (e.g. magnesium, iron, calcium), amino acids, essential fatty acids, fibers, herbs and botanicals as well as protein and carbohydrate concentrates and probiotics.

Because nutritional supplements are regulated as foods, they are covered by the provisions of the Food and Feed Code (LFGB). Food supplements do not require approval. Pursuant to the Ordinance on Food Supplements (NemV), food supplements must be registered with the Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety (BVL). Responsibility for the safety of products and compliance with food law provisions lies with manufacturers and distributors. Nutritional supplements are not required to undergo safety tests or reviews. Regulations and quality control standards for NS are less strict than those for pharmaceuticals.

The use of nutritional supplements puts you at risk of inadvertently consuming banned substances that might harm your health and result in positive anti-doping tests.

Prohibited substances may find their way into the products because of insufficient or inadequate cleaning of machines that are involved in the manufacturing and/or packaging process or through contaminated raw materials. This is called product contamination.

Or prohibited substances may intentionally be mixed with supplements by criminal manufacturers in order to increase a product's effectiveness. This is called adulteration. In this case, prohibited substances are not declared on the label or they are listed under different names (synonyms or phantasy names) when compared to the WADA Prohibited List. The concentration of those banned substances, which are often forbidden or require prescription in Germany, varies widely and may be considerably higher than the maximum dosage recommendation of the substances in question.

According to recent studies particularly weight loss supplements (faked with stimulants), muscle building nutritional supplements (faked with anabolic steroids), fat burning and muscle building supplements (faked with ß2-adrenergetic agonists) as well as motivation (or dopamine) boosting nutritional supplements and cognitive enhancers (faked with stimulants) are often deliberately and fraudulently faked and/or mislabeled and, therefore, should be handled with particular caution. Further investigations as a consequence of positive anti-doping test results showed that also nutritional supplements containing diuretics were found.

Nutritional supplements claiming to have fat-burning, muscle-building or cognition-enhancing properties should generally be avoided. If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is.